'''Arthur''' "'''Art'''" '''Tatum, Jr.''' (, October 13, 1909 – November 5, 1956) was an American jazz
Tatum is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest jazz pianists of all time,
[Robert Doerschuk, ''88 – The Giants of Jazz Piano'', p. 58 "by consensus, the greatest jazz pianist who ever lived." When Leonard Feather was compiling his Encyclopedia of Jazz in the mid-1950s, he polled a number of musicians about the players they themselves most admired on their respective instruments. More than two-thirds of the pianists surveyed put Tatum at the top of the list. Gene Lees conducted a similar poll thirty years later, and again Tatum dominated the results.]
and was a major influence on later generations of jazz pianists. He was hailed for the technical proficiency of his performances, which set a new standard for jazz piano virtuosity. Critic Scott Yanow
wrote, "Tatum's quick reflexes and boundless imagination kept his improvisations filled...